Over the last decade, the occurrence of uterine fibroids has increased in females during their childbearing or reproductive age. According to some recent studies, on average, 1 out of 3 women suffer uterine fibroids at some stage of their reproductive life.
Uterine fibroids are the fibrous muscular projections that develop on the walls of the uterus. These abnormal fibrous outgrowths have a tendency to disturb the menstrual cycle and create painful symptoms.
Harsh menstrual cramps, back pain, weight gain, frequent spotting, heavy and prolonged bleeding during periods are the most common symptoms of uterine fibroids. The question that arises here is what actually causes uterine fibroids? Healthcare experts say that there are various factors or causes that determine the chances of having these abnormal muscular outgrowths in the uterus.
Thus, consulting an experienced gynecologist is highly recommended to understand the cause(s) of uterine fibroids in your case.
Causes of Uterine Fibroids
Fluctuation in the hormonal levels:
Hormonal imbalance is the most common cause of fibroids on the uterus. The hormones estrogen and progesterone play a crucial role in the regeneration of the lining of the uterus. High levels of these hormones in the body are often associated with uterine fibroid formation.
Previous cases of uterine fibroids in the family:
Family history of the condition also plays a major role in cases of uterine fibroids. According to statistics, if you have a close relative who has had uterine fibroids, you are at a doubled risk of the condition. In some cases, genetic factors can also play a part. It has been seen that the genetic material of uterine fibroids is quite different from that of the muscle cells in the uterus.
Hypertension or high blood pressure:
Hypertension can be yet another cause for uterine fibroid development. The elevated pressure of the blood can cause injuries to the muscle cells in the uterus. Moreover, high blood pressure can also cause an increase in the levels of cytokines. This can consequently increase the risk of fibroid formation.
Eating too much of refined carbohydrates:
Foods containing refined carbohydrates like refined flour, pasta, white bread, and refined sugar can meddle with the hormone levels in the body. They can trigger an increase in the estrogen levels and cause fibroids to grow.
As explained above, increased levels of estrogen can trigger uterine fibroid formation. Additionally, if you are overweight, the fat cells in the body can further secrete more estrogen. This can lead to the aggravation of the existing fibroids and can also lead to the development of new fibroid clusters in the uterus.
Consuming birth control pills:
Two of the major constituents of birth control pills are estrogen and progestin. Since imbalance of these hormones is the most prominent cause of uterine fibroids, taking birth control pills can cause the formation and growth of fibroids.
The secretion of estrogen and progesterone increases during pregnancy. This rise in the hormones aids in the swelling or enlargement of the fibroids present in the uterus. More and more uterine fibroids also start forming during this period.
Low levels of vitamin D:
Although the exact relation between Vitamin D levels and uterine fibroid formation is not known, statistics reveal that in around 80 percent of the women facing uterine fibroids problem, Vitamin D deficiency is also an underlying problem. In fact, proper Vitamin D levels in the body can even reduce the risk of uterine fibroids by as much as 32 percent.
Now that you are aware of the causes of uterine fibroids, you can also identify the changes that you need to manage uterine fibroids. Read further to find out some simple yet effective dietary and lifestyle tips.
You Can Manage Uterine Fibroids the Below Dietary Tips
High fiber diet:
Natural fibers are necessary to sweep the toxins out of the body. Thus, a high fiber diet also promotes the healthy functioning of the uterus. Additionally, a high fiber diet can help you manage your body weight and hormonal levels and thus relieve the symptoms of uterine fibroids. Whole grains, nuts, berries, green leafy vegetables, etc are excellent sources of natural fibers.
Fresh fruits and vegetables:
The anti-inflammatory properties of fresh fruits and vegetables work wonderfully in dealing with uterine fibroids. Fruits like apples, tomatoes, and cruciferous vegetables like cabbage and broccoli can prevent the aggravation of the existing fibroids and can slow the growth of the fibroids. Also, fresh unsweetened juices immensely help in strengthening the uterine walls and minimizing the symptoms of fibroids.
Having a cup of green tea once in two days keeps the uterus healthy and flushes out the toxins. Green tea extracts can also shrink fibroids in mild cases.
No caffeine and alcohol:
Having too much caffeine and alcohol can have inflammatory effects. Moreover, these can put excessive stress on the liver and affect its functioning. As a result, the metabolization of estrogen can reduce and fibroids may grow in size.
Prefer protein from plant source:
A high animal protein diet is one of the major risk factors for uterine fibroids. Therefore, if you are already struggling with the symptoms of uterine fibroids, you should switch to plant-based proteins like tofu, quinoa, and chia.
Lifestyle Improvement Tips
Indulge in exercise:
Regular exercise can help you reduce your body weight and also keeps the hormonal levels in check. Moreover, it enhances blood circulation throughout the body and helps the uterus function optimally.
Yoga poses like Bharadvajasana, Ardha Matsyendrasana, Supta Baddha Konasana, Paschimottasana, etc are some of the most effective yoga asanas for uterine fibroids. Practicing these regularly can help improve your reproductive health. Also, these can relieve the discomfiting symptoms associated with uterine fibroids.
Get sound sleep:
Make sure that you get at least 8 hours of proper and sound sleep. This will improve the functioning of all the organs in the body and can produce amazing results in the condition of your fibroids. But it is also understandable that many females struggling with uterine fibroids cannot sleep properly due to pain and discomfort. In such a condition using a hot water bag and taking a mild painkiller that your doctor prescribes.
Stress and anxiety can aggravate the symptoms of uterine fibroids. Therefore, it is important that you take out some time every day exclusively for yourself. This would help you manage your stress levels efficiently and prevent the deterioration of uterine fibroids.
Why is it necessary to consult a gynecologist?
It is of utmost importance to visit an experienced gynecologist to get clarity about the symptoms you suspect to be uterine fibroids. The doctor will carry out a thorough diagnosis and recommend the best-suited treatment. Timely and proper treatment will not only relieve your discomfort but also save you from any unpleasant complications.
If you are dealing with the troubles of uterine fibroids and are looking for a reliable and experienced gynecologist, you can get in touch with Pritsyn Care. They house some of the best gynecologists in Delhi and other Indian cities. Pristyn Care gynecologists have an unparalleled success rate in treating women with uterine fibroids. All you need to do is give them a call and they’ll guide you through the entire process.
Dealing with uterine fibroids can be a little difficult but a proactive approach and proper knowledge of the causes and symptoms can go a long way in reducing these troubles for you. Ensure that you adopt a healthy and active lifestyle to reduce the risk of fibroids. Eat healthy and stay away from anything that may make you more prone to developing the condition. And if you notice any symptoms, seek medical help without delay.